Japanese Calendar Postmarks
The quantity portray leadership numerous years of japan Emperors. Such leadership-year/Gregorian schedule conversions are connected to prewar Japanese picture postcards (1900-1945):
Using the laws and regulations created in more than area for Episodes We-IV, it’s always obvious which rule several months an effective postcard drops into the. Eg, seasons “10” cannot be Meiji ten (1877), since there was indeed zero picture postcards within the 1877. In case your postcard was Several months III (1918-1933) [it’s an excellent “ka” as opposed to an effective “ga” when you look at the “hagaki”], then “10” means “Taisho 10” otherwise 1921. not, if for example the cards was Period IV (1933-1945), then it’s “Showa 10” otherwise 1935.
The amount “7” in the year column tends to make a cards both 1918 (Taisho seven) or 1932 (Showa eight), both of and that belong to Period III. Overall, postcards out of 1918 and you will 1932 try well enough different with regards to lithographic technical, thematic focus, and other points to make a choice you can.
Gregorian Calendar Postmarks
The brand new written message is actually dated “The fall of. 2,” so we can infer your “3.11” makes reference to 3 November, and therefore brand new cards was postmarked to your November 3, 1923. This big date is actually consistent with the Several months III markings on the rest of the credit.
After the regulations outlined significantly more than, i figure out your page are finalized from the a page-author named Nobuyuki in Busan [“Fusan”], Korea toward December 10th, 1911. Brand new cards found its way to Shimonoseki, Japan with the December 11th, plus in Kobe, The japanese with the December twelfth, and probably got from inside the This new Bedford, MA, Usa toward January 11th, 1912. The brand new weak draw from “Meiji 49” is seen regarding the postps field, revealing you to good “normal” postmark was also affixed to that particular postcard likewise with the help of our way more “foreign” appearance.
Japanese Schedule having Sino-Japanese Numerals
Other cards has one another style of postmarks. Into the cards less than, the Sino-Japanese numeral postped several days earlier than the brand new Hindu-Arabic numeral postmark.
Sexegenary (60-season duration) Years
Lastly, Japanese postcards passageway through the Republic from Asia (????) postal program had been both marked having 60-year stage many years. The following card is postmarked in on may 26th, 1914:
The year “??” was a great ?? otherwise “Stem-Branch” otherwise “sexegenary-cycle” 12 months title, which includes a highly ancient pedigree during the China, The japanese, Korea or other places. Which graph assigns Gregorian Calendar many years to “stem-branch” years:
These book try susceptible to improve as more investigation gets offered and you will my personal browse efforts deepen. This research is made you are able to by the Eric Luhrs, James Griffin III, and you may Paul Miller at Lafayette School Electronic Grant Features. It people has been designing app, capturing images, creating pdf files, and or even putting tens and thousands of pictures inside my fingertips, where you can connect this type of various types of facts in a significant means.
To own an obtainable however, thorough addition to help you rule age and the stem-branch duration, I recommend this website post by the “Kristen D.”
To own an extensive set of tables so you can align the fresh Korean, Japanese, and you will Chinese calendars towards the Gregorian Schedule, back once again to ancient times, we have found crucial to possess scholars who wish to big date artifacts for the Eastern Far eastern History:
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Thank you for the history. I have a couple of thirty-six Japanese postcards that we believe is during several months step one/step three separate right back. Including on the back are dos groups to have stamp placement. In my opinion he could be woodblock images otherwise lithos, I don’t know how to tell. Am i able to send you a picture of two all of them to suit your help? Feel free to send me personally a contact.